Long-term exposure to Narcissistic Abuse can wreak havoc on victims long after leaving their abusers.
Along with the devastating effects of PTSD and C-PTSD, survivors are left with permanent changes to their brains.
In other words, repeated emotional trauma, over time, causes brain damage.
It shrinks the hippocampus and enlarges the amygdala.
The hippocampus is the part of your brain in charge of memory and learning.
The amygdala controls emotions like love, hate, fear, grief, guilt, shame, and envy.
It’s also responsible for heart rate, breathing, and the fight-or-flight mechanism.
Living in a constant state of fear causes the brain to produce more of a hormone called cortisol.
The hippocampus becomes impaired, while the amygdala is stimulated.
This results in victims focusing more on the negative emotions that they’re feeling.
At the same time, their ability to absorb new information is restricted.
Years after a toxic relationship has ended, painful memories can be triggered by subliminal hints, such as smells, sounds, and pictures.
Because the amygdala remembers the stressful events, victims are subjected to an unwanted walk down memory lane.
Changes in personality are another effect of Narcissistic Abuse.
Victims are left with eroded self-esteem, a lack of self-confidence, and an inability to make sound decisions.
Self-doubt and self-recriminations become a way of life, and inner joy and peace remain elusive.
It would be difficult to list all of the long-term effects of Narcissistic Abuse.
Some things just cannot be explained with words.
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Originally Answered On Quora.